The Political Empowerment of the Cocaleros of Bolivia and by Ursula Durand Ochoa

By Ursula Durand Ochoa

This ebook deals a comparative research of the specific studies of the Peruvian and Bolivian cocaleros as political actors. In doing so, it illustrates how coca, an across the world criminalzsed reliable, affected the trail and end result of cocalero political empowerment in every one case.

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The Political Empowerment of the Cocaleros of Bolivia and Peru

This publication bargains a comparative research of the certain studies of the Peruvian and Bolivian cocaleros as political actors. In doing so, it illustrates how coca, an across the world criminalzsed sturdy, affected the trail and consequence of cocalero political empowerment in every one case.

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Example text

The first advertisement for Coca-Cola, published in the National Druggist in 1896, celebrated coca’s virtues: It seems to be a law of nature that the more valuable and efficacious a drug is, the nastier and more unpleasant its taste. It is therefore quite a triumph over nature that the Coca-Cola Co. , have achieved in their success in robbing both coca leaves and the kola nut of the exceedingly nauseous and disagreeable taste while retaining their wonderful medicinal properties, and the power of restoring vitality and raising the spirits of the weary and debilitated.

The event resulted in the International Opium Convention of 1912. The convention—the first international drug control treaty— aimed to limit the cultivation of opium poppy and to control the manufacture and international trade of substances such as morphine and cocaine (Lema 1997: 103). US secretary of state William Jennings Bryan, a leading prohibitionist, proposed a new domestic antinarcotics law to comply with the 1912 treaty. The law, known as the Harrison Act of 1914, stipulated the following: To provide for the registration of, with collectors of internal revenue, and to impose a special tax on all persons who produce, import, manufacture, compound, deal in, dispense, sell, distribute, or give away opium or coca leaves, their salts, derivatives, or preparations, and for other purposes.

The event sparked a surge of momentum in cocaine research. American and European researchers immediately intensified their medical investigations, resulting in the widespread use of cocaine as a surgical anesthetic and treatment for addiction, alcoholism, depression, and exhaustion in the United States and Europe (Spillane 1999: 22). Cocaine and the United States The United States became the main consumer of both coca and cocaine products by 1890. Coca products included mostly beverages and elixirs.

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