The Earth and Its Peoples: A Global History, Brief Edition, by Richard Bulliet, Pamela Crossley, Daniel Headrick, Steven

By Richard Bulliet, Pamela Crossley, Daniel Headrick, Steven Hirsch, Lyman Johnson

Two-thirds the size of the entire Fourth version, this short model of The Earth and Its Peoples: a world background keeps its significant topics and its actually international standpoint on international historical past. this article makes a speciality of the interplay of humans and their surroundings, utilizing this crucial topic to check diversified occasions, areas, and societies. unique emphasis is given to know-how and the way technological improvement underlies all human activity.Ideal for one-semester survey classes or classes utilizing a number of fundamental resources, this article has been conscientiously abbreviated to keep up the basic narrative of worldwide heritage. Key pedagogical components were retained and additional emphasised.

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E. productive food gatherers. Men, with stronger arms and shoulders, would have been better suited for hunting, particularly for hunting large animals. Some early cave art suggests male hunting activities. The same studies, along with archaeological evidence from Ice Age campsites, indicate that early foragers lived in groups that were big enough to defend themselves from predators and divide responsibility for food collection and preparation, but small enough not to exhaust the food resources within walking distance.

Reeds growing along the rivers and in the marshy southern delta yielded raw material for mats, baskets, huts, and boats. Fish was a dietary staple. Herds of sheep and goats, which grazed on fallow land or the nearby desert, provided wool, milk, and meat. e. The written record begins with the Sumerians and marks the division, by some definitions, between prehistory and history. e. and perhaps even earlier. e. Other peoples lived in Mesopotamia as well. , personal names recorded in inscriptions from the more northerly cities reveal a non-Sumerian Semitic (suh-MIT-ik) language.

The building of permanent houses, walls, and towers, not to mention megalithic monuments, also called for added labor. Stonehenge, for example, took some 30,000 person-hours to build. Whether these tasks were performed freely or coerced is unknown. Mesopotamia How did Mesopotamian civilization emerge? Because of the unpredictable spring floods of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, the peoples of ancient Mesopotamia saw themselves at the mercy of gods who embodied the forces of nature. ) climaxes in a cosmic battle between Marduk, the chief god of Babylon, and Tiamat (TIE-ah-mat), a female figure who personifies the salt sea.

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