By Edwin Carawan
This quantity explores the amnesty which ended the civil warfare at Athens in 403 BC. Drawing upon historical historians and speechwriters, including the surviving inscriptions, it provides a brand new interpretation of the Athenian Amnesty in its unique surroundings and in view of the next reconstruction of legislation and democratic associations in Athens.
Beginning with the proof at the unique contract and the occasions that formed it, the quantity additionally discusses the most important trials that challenged and reinterpreted key components of the amnesty contract, together with the trial of Socrates. those reports show the Athenian Amnesty as a contractual cost among the fighters, a discount for peace and reconciliation. The oath that got here to represent the Amnesty used to be the final to that agreement, a pledge to not return at the covenants that spelled out treatments and restrictions-not a promise to forgive and disregard. an analogous contractual precept encouraged significant reforms of the restored democracy, barring litigation on settled claims and making sure that new laws didn't clash with the structure.
While this e-book bargains principally with the traditional contract, Carawan additionally attracts views from parallels in sleek historical past, resembling the post-apartheid payment in South Africa, illustrating how the Athenian Amnesty is mostly considered as the version for political "forgiveness" or "pardon and oblivion" embraced in later clash answer.
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Extra resources for The Athenian Amnesty and Reconstructing the Law
For, although Ath. Pol. indicates the second settlement, the Aristotelian report says nothing to suggest that the original rules were in any way affected by subsequent developments. }3 SCHOLARSHIP AFTER ATH. POL. Thus, with the publication of Ath. Pol. scholars were given a new standard by which to gauge the success of the Athenian solution. Some provisions in the Aristotelian account would seem to guarantee peaceful coexistence between Athens and Eleusis, which did not last. The very speciﬁcity of the new evidence encouraged scholars to view the Amnesty as a ﬂawed arrangement repeatedly violated.
Pol. agreed. But Stahl noticed that speakers in Athenian courts ignore the distinction between the amnesty provision in the treaty and the corresponding protections after 401/0 (284–5), and that pattern might suggest that there was no difference or adaptation. 26 But Stahl’s uncritical acceptance of Ath. Pol. led him to 24 Thus, though acknowledging the need for a few minor corrections and additions, he proudly announces, ‘alle Hauptergebnisse meiner Untersuchung unerschüttert bleiben’ (481). His uncritical approach to the new text, which he unreservedly attributes to Aristotle, is indicated by his treatment of the Solonian constitution in Ath.
Dillery 1995: 146–63; Krentz 1995: 122. 43). ) after he had enlisted with Agesilaus and ignored the second settlement. Xenophon may have begun the second section after relocating to Corinth, in 370, in disgust at the decline of Spartan leadership. So the reconstruction of democracy at Athens does not ﬁt this focus. 6 Andok. 81, 90: ¯ ðåØäc ä' KðÆíÞºŁåôå KŒ —åØæÆØHò, ªåíüìåíïí Kç' ìEí ôØìøæåEóŁÆØ ªíøôå KAí ôa ªåªåíÅìÝíÆ, . . ŒÆd äïîå ìc ìíÅóØŒÆŒåEí IººÞºïØò ôHí ªåªåíÅìÝíøí. . (90) ïƒ ‹æŒïØ ìEí ðHò åïıóØí; › ìbí ŒïØíeò ôB ﬁ ðüºåØ ±ðÜóﬁÅ, ní OìøìüŒÆôå ðÜíôåò ìåôa ôaò äØÆººÆªÜò, ŒÆd ïP ìíÅóØŒÆŒÞóø ôHí ðïºØôHí ïPäåíd ðºcí ôHí ôæØÜŒïíôÆ ‹ŒÆd ôHí äÝŒÆ› ŒÆd ôHí íäåŒÆ· ïPäb ôïýôøí nò ií KŁÝºﬁÅ åPŁýíÆò äØäüíÆØ ôBò IæåBò wò qæîåí’.