Social-Ecological Restoration in Paddy-Dominated Landscapes by Nisikawa Usio, Tadashi Miyashita

By Nisikawa Usio, Tadashi Miyashita

With a spotlight on environmentally pleasant rice farming, this particular ebook integrates either surroundings and human dimensions of ecological recovery to supply thoughts to advertise sustainable agriculture and rural improvement. Paddy fields have a number of capabilities past their position of manufacturing rice: They function safe haven habitats for a number flora and fauna that when inhabited floodplain wetlands and comprise a few special and threatened aquatic species. additionally they offer a variety of environment providers for local groups resembling water retention, erosion keep an eye on, flood keep watch over, fish tradition, and academic possibilities. even though, rice paddies are threatened around the world a result of modernization of agriculture and abandonment of farmland because of depopulation and the getting older of rural groups. consequently, a number of ecological and sociological facets needs to be thought of within the ecological recovery of paddy fields. This publication goals to take action via incorporating numerous disciplines of common and social sciences. techniques for sustainable agriculture are reviewed, together with monetary incentives for farmers and using flagship natural world species similar to the crested ibis (toki) to advertise ecological recovery. With the expanding approval for environmentally pleasant rice farming in components of Asia and the western usa, this publication bargains version instances for sustainable administration of paddy-dominated landscapes.

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Irrigation ponds, channels, and ditches not only provide water for agricultural production and livestock but also nurture freshwater fish and other aquatic organisms. In addition, rice paddies support wetland biodiversity by providing important habitats for birds, reptiles, fish, and insects (Ramsar Convention on Wetlands 2008). Social activities also play an important role in paddy-dominated landscapes. Rice paddy cultivation requires collective management supported and regulated by local institutions.

Accessed 20 July 2013 Natori Y, Silbernagel J, Adams MS (2011) Biodiversity conservation planning in rural landscapes in Japan: integration of ecological and visual perspectives. In: Pavlinov I (eds) Research in biodiversity – models and applications. InTech, pp 285–306. com/ books/research-in-biodiversity-models-and-applications. Accessed 3 Nov 2014 Nozawa C, Malingan M, Plantilla A, Nozawa JO et al (2008) Evolving culture, evolving landscapes: the Philippine rice terraces. In: Amend T, Brown J, Kothari A, Phillips A, Stolton S (eds) Protected landscapes and agrobiodiversity values, vol 1, Protected landscapes and seascapes.

Ichikawa various changes are explored, and governance models for efficient, equitable, and sustainable management of ecosystem services across a range of stakeholders are identified. Keywords Satoyama • Monsoon Asia • Socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes (SEPLS) • Mosaic • Ecosystem service • Resilience • Satoyama Initiative • Comanagement Introduction Rice is one of the three major grains produced in the world along with wheat and maize, accounting for 21 % of grain production.

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