New Visions of Crime Victims by Carolyn Hoyle, Richard Young

By Carolyn Hoyle, Richard Young

This leading edge assortment offers unique theoretical and empirical learn on legal victimization. the 1st a part of the e-book demanding situations stereotypical conceptions of victimization, targeting non-traditional sufferers of crime, comparable to male sufferers of household violence, sufferers of male-on-male rape, institutional sufferers and the "victim-offenders" who're recipients of IRA punishment beatings. the second one a part of the quantity considers legal justice responses to victimization. Chapters learn the views of sufferers who get involved in courtroom, probation and restorative strategies. This e-book will additional debate on how we conceptualize sufferers and their applicable position within the legal justice procedure.

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107 Thus, just as the Germans were victims of the ‘stab in the back’ of the First World War, only to be cast as perpetrators of crimes against humanity at Nuremberg, so the Serbian victims of the 1990s were defined as aggressors in the early 2000s. Becoming a ‘victim’, in short, is an emergent process of signification like many others, possibly involving the intervention and collaboration of others whose impact and meaning change from stage to stage, punctuated by benchmarks and transitions, and lacking any fixed end state.

Victims and offenders overlap in such groups, but criminologists know only too little about how patterns, moralities and narratives of offending and victimisation intertwine and co-exist. 143 Other questions would centre on how and in what 134 E Girling, I Loader and R Sparks, Crime and Social Change in Middle England (Routledge, London, 2000) 2 (emphasis in original). 135 R Sparks, ‘Reason and Unreason in Left Realism: Some Problems in the Constitution of the Fear of Crime’ in R Matthews and J Young (eds), Issues in Realist Criminology (Sage, London, 1992) 131.

109 See, for instance, the diaries of Victor Klemperer, who was transformed little by little by the growth of Nazism from being a bourgeois, converted German professor into a fugitive Jew seeking to escape the death camps. The second diary was published as To the Bitter End (Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, 1999). Fictional accounts of the same process may be found in A Appelfeld, The Retreat (Quartet Books, London, 1984) and M Frisch, The Fire Raisers (Methuen, London, 1962). 110 See R Wright and S Decker, Armed Robbers in Action (Northeastern University Press, Boston, 1997).

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