By Stephen Sedley
Francis Bacon wrote in 1625 that judges needs to be lions, yet lions below the throne. From that day to this, the stress in the kingdom among parliamentary, judicial and government strength has remained unresolved. Lions below the Throne is the 1st systematic account of the origins and improvement of the good physique of public legislation through which the country, either institutionally and in terms of the person, is ruled.
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Additional info for Lions under the Throne: Essays on the History of English Public Law
Their choice of the second of these courses was neither conspiratorial nor possibly even conscious, but in retrospect it is readily discernible. 16 17 18 Re a Petition of Right  3 KB 649 R v. Speyer and Cassel, ex p Makgill  1 KB 595 (DC); upheld on appeal  2 KB 858: see Ch. 12. 19 The Zamora  2 AC 77 at 90 lions in winter 29 The welfare state In 1906 a Liberal government had been elected with a massive majority. By the time it was re-elected in 1910 it had initiated legislation for a system of old-age pensions and national insurance against unemployment and illness, ﬁnanced out of taxation of the better-off.
1. This had the effect of making error on the face of the record of the scheduled tribunals redundant. Tribunals and Inquiries Act 1958, s. 11(1) Tribunals and Inquiries Act 1958, s. 11(3); Anisminic Ltd v. Foreign Compensation Commission  2 AC 147. An appeal from the Commission on points of law was later introduced. See Ch. 2. The majority decision is sharply criticised in T. Endicott, Administrative Law (2009), Ch. 9, both as an unexplained departure from precedent and for internally inconsistent reasoning.
Branson, Poplarism 1919–1925: George Lansbury and the Councillors’ Revolt (1979), and n. 35 below. “It is true that discretion must be exercised reasonably. Now what does that mean? . [A] person entrusted with a discretion must, so to speak, direct himself properly in law. He must call his own attention to the matters which he is bound to consider. He must exclude from his consideration matters which are irrelevant to what he has to consider. . ” Lord Greene then used the reductio ad absurdum (picking on people with red hair) used by Warrington LJ in Short v.