By Stephanie Stidham Rogers
This ebook provides a old examine of the phenomenon of Holy Land tourism between American Protestants in the course of the moment 1/2 the 19th century and the early 20th century. in this interval, abroad trip used to be newly on hand to the Protestant center classification as a result of invention and regular popularization of steamship go back and forth. Protestants "at domestic" in the USA ate up mammoth amounts of published literature through the preferred medium of Holy Land pilgrimage narratives. a brand new psychological geography resulted, within which americans solid a clean know-how of the center East and commenced to concentration millennial hopes upon the political and social inspiration of a Jewish remnant of the final days in a Protestant theological and old framework. Protestant aid for Zionism used to be born.
What surfaces from the examine of 1000s of pilgrimage narratives from this era is the emergence of Palestine as an iconic position for American Protestants. via pilgrimage narratives, American Protestant's figuring out of Palestinians, biblical authority, the facility of the Protestant press, the historicity of the Christian religion, an millennial expectancies have been shaped because the that means of the Holy Land was once developed. Findings from the pilgrimage narratives additionally point out the significance of Palestine between Protestants as a "fifth gospel written in stone." The pilgrim's eastward gaze drew a far off biblical prior into sharper concentration and fueled the fires of premillenialism, a circulation that may depart an everlasting stamp upon American faith and politics.
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This e-book offers a ancient research of the phenomenon of Holy Land tourism between American Protestants throughout the moment half the 19th century and the early 20th century. in this interval, abroad shuttle used to be newly on hand to the Protestant heart category as a result invention and regular popularization of steamship shuttle.
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Additional resources for Inventing the Holy Land: American Protestant Pilgrimage to Palestine, 1865-1941
A. Leland Jamison and James Ward Smith (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1961), 197–98. Qtd. in Ahlstrom, A Religious History of the American People, 476. Introduction 19 16. , 1997), 12–15. 17. Bryan Wilson, “New Images of Christian Community,” in The Oxford Illustrated History of Christianity, ed. John McManners (Oxford: Oxford U. Press, 1992), 589. 18. Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, Eleventh Edition (Springfield: MerriamWebster Inc, 2006). 19. John Kirtland Wright, Human Nature in Geography (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1965).
9 While many people were interested in the East as a whole, Protestants in particular became focused upon Palestine because of its relationship with the Bible. ” 10 By the turn of the century, Palestine was a newly important site for American Protestants, among both the elite and the popular audiences. Overseas Travel Such pilgrimages had an air of the traditional, elegant, pedagogical “Grand Tour,” as experience beyond the limitations of North America signaled thoughtfulness, worldliness, and prestige.
One nineteenth-century priest describes a mass of pilgrims at a popular Dutch shrine: “In addition to all these problems, there is the annoying mish-mash, at least in Kevelaer. In one place, people are chattering away, in another they are praying—in Dutch, or, a few steps away, in German. In one spot people are singing, in another they are wailing. ” This excerpt from a frustrated priest concerned with bringing order to religious practice at a pilgrim’s shrine illuminates the festive, often communal atmosphere of popular Catholic pilgrimage.