By Jan Grabowski
Judenjagd, hunt for the Jews, was once the German time period for the prepared searches for Jews who, having survived ghetto liquidations and deportations to dying camps in Poland in 1942, tried to conceal "on the Aryan side." Jan Grabowski's penetrating microhistory tells the tale of the Judenjagd in Dabrowa Tarnowska, a rural county in southeastern Poland, the place nearly all of the Jews in hiding perished on account of betrayal via their Polish buddies. Drawing on fabrics from Polish, Jewish, and German assets created in the course of and after the warfare, Grabowski files the involvement of the neighborhood Polish inhabitants within the strategy of detecting and killing the Jews who sought their relief. via distinct reconstruction of occasions, this close-up account of the fates of person Jews casts a vibrant mild on a little-known point of the Holocaust in Poland.
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Judenjagd, hunt for the Jews, was once the German time period for the prepared searches for Jews who, having survived ghetto liquidations and deportations to demise camps in Poland in 1942, tried to conceal "on the Aryan aspect. " Jan Grabowski's penetrating microhistory tells the tale of the Judenjagd in Dabrowa Tarnowska, a rural county in southeastern Poland, the place nearly all of the Jews in hiding perished by reason of betrayal via their Polish buddies.
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Extra resources for Hunt for the Jews: Betrayal and Murder in German-Occupied Poland
2 J ews an d Po les i n Da˛b r owa Ta r n o ws ka b e fo r e 19 3 9 Seen through the lens of its ethnic composition, there was little to distinguish Dąbrowa Tarnowska County from other rural areas of Poland. Shortly before the war, local Jews made up 8 percent of the total population, or slightly less than the national average of 10 percent. The majority of Jews in the county lived in Dąbrowa, but nearly two thousand others dwelled in nearby villages, and their lifestyle differed little from that of the Polish peasants.
The last remaining Jews—some thirty Jewish policemen and their families—remained locked up in one of the ghetto houses. They, too, were shot at the Jewish cemetery (on December 20, 1942) by Rudolf Landgraf and his gendarmes. Even Kalman Fenichel, the much hated chief of Jewish police, was unable to save his own life, and was executed, along with his ten-year-old son and the rest of his subordinates. 13 Stanisław Dorosz from Dąbrowa—possibly the only witness to this execution—watched the shooting hidden in a shed, some forty meters away from the place of the killings: “They [the gendarmes] marched them out of the house four by four, and led them to the Jewish cemetery.
36 Hunt for the Jews Licht and Hollender died on Kościuszko Street, others died too, but I do not recall their names. In the spring, probably in May 1942, early in the morning, the city had been surrounded by Germans, who started to pull the Jews out of their houses, and to march them toward the main square. I could hear shots being fired. From behind the window, I could see Germans in uniforms. I have no idea whether there were local gendarmes. In front of my window I could see the body of a dead Jew and a Jewess, who was still moving.