By Samiul Hasan
Muslims for centuries were keen on philanthropic actions concentrating on terrible and needy humans via various varieties of ‘third region’ enterprises (TSOs). still, many of us in Muslim majority international locations (MMCs), no longer having freedom from starvation, face human protection crises. now not a lot is understood in regards to the TSOs or their human safeguard provisions in MMCs. To fill this information hole, this quantity records and analyses philanthropy and all kinds of 3rd area organisations together with the awqaf (Muslim endowments) vis-`-vis human safety in MMCs. The learn is accomplished in treating the subject material (analyzing the criminal atmosphere, features, quantity and functioning of all sorts of the 3rd zone and their human protection performances) and in geographic assurance (incorporating all forty-seven Muslim majority international locations in Africa and Asia). it's also leading edge expounding TSO density research, nation help ranking (SSS) and a third-sector power degree (TCM) to review their interrelationships. it truly is a vital special reference booklet for college kids and students of the 3rd region and human protection, foreign businesses, improvement corporations, donor governments, safety specialists and specifically anyone with pursuits in Islam and MMCs.
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Additional resources for Human Security and Philanthropy: Islamic Perspectives and Muslim Majority Country Practices
The following section (“philanthropy in Islam”), in four sub-sections, deals with the fundamentals and essential features of obligatory regular charity as codified in Islam. The chapter reveals that Islam promotes purposive strategic philanthropy that may ensure human security even in the modern world. Nonetheless, it concludes that the principles and instruments of human 18 S. Hasan security as propounded in Islam have varied interpretations and manifestations resulting from flexibility in Islamic jurisprudence, thus Muslim philanthropy and its human security roles in MMCs are influenced by “cultural phenomenon” and likely to be different across MMCs.
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Hasan to seasonal, regional, and family variation in quantity or quality, the available per capita food availability data may not mean much in terms of food security. It is also now widely acknowledged that low food availability or even famine occurs mostly in countries specializing in food production (see Hasan, 2012c) resulting from “distribution” failure (Sen, 1981), not from shortage of arable land or food. g. 3). The data also reveal that only Djibouti, with a lower percentage of arable land, has higher percentage of undernourished people (20 %); while some MMCs with much higher percentage of arable land have comparatively much higher percentage of undernourished people.