Electron Optics by Pierre Grivet, P.W. Hawkes

By Pierre Grivet, P.W. Hawkes

Show description

Read Online or Download Electron Optics PDF

Best optics books

Principles of Optics

Rules of Optics is a smart, rigorous, ponderous, unwavering mathematical tract that bargains with a welath of subject matters. .. a superb publication, the 7th variation is an exceptional one, and as I stated, when you paintings within the box you most likely should still personal it.

Optical shop testing

The aim of this 3rd version is to collect in one e-book descriptions of all checks conducted within the optical store which are appropriate to optical elements and platforms. This booklet is meant for the professional in addition to the non-specialist engaged in optical store trying out. there's presently loads of study being performed in optical engineering.

Colour and the Optical Properties of Materials: An Exploration of the Relationship Between Light, the Optical Properties of Materials and Colour

Color and the Optical homes of fabrics rigorously introduces the technology in the back of the topic, in addition to many glossy and state-of-the-art functions, selected to attract modern day scholars. For technology scholars, it presents a huge advent to the topic and the numerous functions of color. To extra utilized scholars, comparable to engineering and humanities scholars, it offers the basic clinical history to color and the various functions.

Field guide to linear systems in optics

"Linear structures" is a extensive and significant zone in lots of medical and engineering disciplines, and it's specifically very important in optics since it kinds the foundation for Fourier optics, diffraction conception, image-quality overview, and plenty of different components. This box advisor offers the practising optical engineer with a reference for the elemental strategies and methods of linear structures, together with Fourier sequence, non-stop and discrete Fourier transforms, convolution, sampling and aliasing, and MTF/PSF utilizing the language, notation, and purposes from optics, imaging, and diffraction.

Additional info for Electron Optics

Example text

Grad(log/0. We obtain an analogy between the two equations, and hence between 0(x, y) in the beam and V(x, y) in the tank, if we write £ • grad (log/*) = - * - 7 = r . \0 In a tank the bottom of which is shaped in such a way that h varies and this relation is satisfied (see Fig. 10 a), the potential distribution across the surface of the electrolyte (h = 0) will provide a chart of the potential 0(x,y). 52 ELECTRON OPTICS FIG. 10a. Cross-section of the tank with a shaped bottom, as used by MussonGenon.

1) The electrode system; (2) the same system after transformation. ) (£-&) K / TvT - 1 ) (ttn/w-1) (£~£n) , <*£ + £. The points & = ± oo do not enter into this formula. Consider a simple example: the outline of the parallel plate condenser shown in Fig. 8b. From symmetry considerations, we need only calculate the function u(x, y) in a simpler system consisting of two electrodes: one a plane, held at potential 4> = K(), and the other a half-plane, distant y = h from the first for x > 0, and held at = 0.

After interpolation between the values found at the meshpoints, the equipotentials can be inserted. } as boundary conditions. These methods were originally employed without the assistance of elec­ tronic computers, and a great deal of mathematical work went into determining rules for increasing the speed of "convergence" towards the final solution. Rotationally symmetric systems. Here, only the r and z coordinates are involved. 26), when y and x are replaced by r and z respectively. We first consider a point M such that r0 = ph (Fig.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.76 of 5 – based on 31 votes