Dismembering the Body Politic: Partisan Politics in by Paul D. Halliday

By Paul D. Halliday

It is a significant survey of the way cities have been ruled in overdue Stuart and early Hanoverian England. England's civil wars within the 1640s broke aside a society that were used to political consensus. even though all sought cohesion after the wars ended, a brand new form of politics developed--one in accordance with partisan department, coming up first in city groups, no longer at Parliament. This e-book explains how struggle unleashed a protracted cycle of purge and counter-purge and the way society stumbled on the skill to soak up divisive politics peacefully. felony alterations are explored with regards to the rarely-studied court docket documents of King's Bench, to which neighborhood rivals became for assist in resolving their adjustments.

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One cleric explained to a corporate congregation: "in all civil polities there is the original of power in God, who next unto himself confers it upon Kings, and they convey it unto others that are sent by them. " 22 God to King to corporators. 23 Remaining as one was vital for preserving the "golden chain" unbroken. The most important link in that chain was the charter, the King's license for corporate existence and the constitutional foundation of all the corporation's actions in his name. Violating the terms of that charter - dividing the "one body corporate" - would break the chain and destroy the corporation by uncoupling it legally, politically, and morally from its creator.

P. 8. William Strengfellow, A Sermon Preach'd before the Right Honourable the Lord Mayor, Aldermen and Livery-men . . At the Election of the Lord Mayor for the Year Ensuing (London, 1693), p. 19. John Williams, A Sermon Preached at St. Lawrence Jewry . . At the Election of the Lord Mayor (London, 1695), p. 13. CSPD 1682, pp. 5 4 3 - 4 4 . " BL, Add. 41,803, f. 4 5 . "52 Personal partisan tags were common too, and always negative. Identifying a group's interests with anyone but the King by its very nature suggested sedition since the King's interest was the only legitimate interest in the land.

Peter Earle, The Making of the English Middle Class: Business, Society and Family Life in London, 1660-1730 (London, 1989). See too E. L. Jones and M . E. , The Eighteenth-Century Town: A Reader in English Urban History, 1688-1820 (London, 1990), pp. 1 1 6 - 5 8 . John Brewer, The Sinews of Power: War, Money and the English State, 1688-1783 (New York, 1989). Linda Colley, Britons: Forging the Nation, 1707-1837 (New Haven, 1992). 24 Corporate ideal and partisan reality This was not an unstable society, it was a dynamic one.

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