# Diagram genus, generators, and applications by Alexander Stoimenow

By Alexander Stoimenow

In knot concept, diagrams of a given canonical genus may be defined through a finite variety of styles ("generators"). Diagram Genus, turbines and Applications provides a self-contained account of the canonical genus: the genus of knot diagrams. the writer explores fresh examine at the combinatorial thought of knots and provides proofs for a few theorems.

The booklet starts off with an advent to the beginning of knot tables and the history information, together with diagrams, surfaces, and invariants. It then derives a brand new description of turbines utilizing Hirasawa’s set of rules and extends this description to push the compilation of knot turbines one genus extra to accomplish their category for genus four. next chapters conceal functions of the genus four class, together with the braid index, polynomial invariants, hyperbolic quantity, and Vassiliev invariants. the ultimate bankruptcy offers extra study with regards to turbines, which is helping readers see functions of turbines in a broader context.

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Extra info for Diagram genus, generators, and applications

Example text

1) Gi , then we call the (special) diagrams Di with Γ(Di ) = Gi the Murasugi atoms of D. Note that each separating Seifert circle of D gives a cut vertex of Γ(D). , [MP2]). 1 below, and [QW]). However, the information of how under a Murasugi sum in D crossings attached to a Seifert circle on either side are arranged relatively to each other is lost in Γ(D). , ind (G1 ∗ G2 ) = ind (G1 ) + ind(G2 ) if G1,2 are bipartite. We will treat below, simultaneously with (the sharpness of) MWF, the following conjecture of theirs.

Consequently, every underpass in D is followed by an overpass, and one easily sees also that every overpass is followed by an underpass. Thus D is alternating. 4 is called special alternating. A knot is special alternating if it has a special alternating diagram. Such knots were introduced and studied by Murasugi [Mu] and have a series of special features. Conversely all knots have a special (not necessarily alternating) diagram. Hirasawa [Hi2] shows how to a modify any knot diagram D into a special diagram D′ so that g(D) = g(D′ ).

2 The checkerboard coloring and checkerboard graph . . . . . Diagrammatic moves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Flypes and mutations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Bridges and wave moves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Braids and braid representations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Link polynomials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .