Design and construction in Romanesque architecture : first by C. Edson Armi

By C. Edson Armi

Edson Armi deals an unique interpretation of Romanesque structure via concentrating on constructions in northern Italy, Switzerland, southern France, and Catalonia, the areas the place Romanesque structure first seemed round a thousand advert. He integrates the learn of medieval constitution with a data of building, ornament and articulation to figure out the origins of medieval structure and the excessive Romanesque variety. Armi's extensive research unearths new wisdom approximately layout judgements within the early heart a long time.

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Sample text

I am sure in many cases this was the standard practice. 26 This system for supporting lag boards would have been structurally efficient, because the more the stones of the vault push down on the centering, the more these wooden beams would flex and attach themselves into the sides of the stone arches. This system of wooden formwork that rests between sides of stone arches also would have been efficient from the point of view of construction. 27 CONCLUSION The standard definition of a groin vault is a vault that results from the intersection of two equal barrel vaults.

The problem of compressive and tensile stress concentration was thereby sizably reduced. Having less stress with which to contend, they could build lighter, thinner, and less expensive walls, as well as larger and more open spaces. Italian masons had refined the system of isolated support in the early eleventh century, before the pointed barrel and rib vault were used widely in France. It was primarily in the context of the groin vault that they learned to reduce both kinds of stress concentration and increase the potential for light, space, and delicacy.

Instead, they needed to develop techniques that would allow them to maneuver, with flexibility, speed, and minimal cost, within these narrow and irregular confines. It is widely assumed that masons erected centering on scaffolding built from the ground, on beams stretching across the aisle, or on a temporary structure suspended from transverse arches and formerets. It is further surmised that sometimes masons covered the lag boards on the centering with an indeterminate rough fill (one can only speculate on material that was malleable enough to be shaped to an irregular outline but dense enough not to sag under weight).

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