By William G. Kepner (auth.), William G. Kepner, Jose L. Rubio, David A. Mouat, Fausto Pedrazzini (eds.)
This publication specializes in uncomplicated options: safety and desertification within the Mediterranean zone and their linkages. It emerged from a unmarried assembly of the "Workshop on Desertification within the Mediterranean quarter. a safety factor" held in Valencia, Spain on 2-5 December 2003, which was once subsidized by way of the NATO technology Committee and NATO Committee at the demanding situations of contemporary Society. Desertification is famous as a strategy of land degradation in arid, semi-arid, and dry sub-humid components of the realm that's the results of average phenomena (e.g. weather edition) and anthropogenic components. the end result of this kind of degradation has regularly been thought of to be both a discount or a lack of either organic and fiscal productiveness. The scope of the publication contains the id of the actual tactics of desertification particular to either the north and south Mediterranean sector. also, it particularly questions how altering environmental stipulations may perhaps probably lessen balance and peace on the earth and hence have an effect on "environmental security." through the workshop an array of presidency diplomats, defense experts, and social and actual scientists from the center East, North Africa, Europe, and North the USA reviewed the activities of earlier and present Mediterranean land use practices, in particular in regard to environmental defense, environmental results, and demanding situations for the long run. The publication is split into six unique topical components facing Linking Environmental situation to protection; Assessing neighborhood stipulations; Assessing Land Use switch Relative to Human-induced and normal reason; possibilities for neighborhood Cooperation and knowledge Sharing; Soil and plants tracking; and improvement of neighborhood Desertification symptoms and Forecasting suggestions. This e-book presents a multi-lateral discussion board for cooperation, info alternate, and discussion one of the environmental, improvement, overseas and safety coverage groups in the Mediterranean area and hence could provide a precedent for extra cooperation and partnership, together with different extra complex meetings and courses, on assessing the of the complete quarter and the next affects and linkages to environmental protection.
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Additional info for Desertification in the Mediterranean Region. A Security Issue
The UNCCD Secretariat noted that in America, annually between 700,000 and 900,000 Mexicans leave their rural dryland homes to migrate to the United States. During the last few decades in China, many villages have been lost “to expanding deserts, sand drifts, dune movement and sandstorms”. From the Central Qurnah marsh (Iraq), ca. 80,000 to 120,000 may have crossed the border into Iran and 200,000 may have dispersed throughout Iraq. 3 million Haitians emigrating since the 1980s. This problem equally constitutes an increasingly acute concern in the Mediterranean because many of the countries in Northern Africa and Southern Europe suffer from desertification.
The Sahel syndrome is relevant for the analysis of the complex trends and interaction among nature- and human-induced drivers of regional environmental change in the MENA area where desertification, rapid urbanisation and migration, and declining food self-sufficiency have been progressing during the 20th century. For this region this syndrome poses questions whether the projected regional climate change may lead to vicious circles that have existed in the Sahel for decades (Mainguet 2003; Mendizabal/Puigdefábregas 2003).
Thus in arid, semi-arid and sub-humid areas and in developing regions desertification has become a root cause for health insecurity, especially for the poor. In the short-term health security for the affected poor may be achieved by medical aid as part of the humanitarian assistance and in the long-term by effective strategies of sustainable development. Desertification, drought and famine have often forced people to leave their homes, villages, provinces, in search for their individual and group survival, and to give up their traditional livelihoods, traditions and in some cases also to use their cultural identify.