By Douglas Frantz, Catherine Collins
At the morning of February 24, 1942, at the Black Sea close to Istanbul, an explosion ripped via a boat choked with Jewish refugees. One guy clung fiercely to a section of deck, struggling with to outlive. approximately 8 hundred others -- between them, multiple hundred youngsters -- perished.From this dramatic prologue loss of life at the Black Sea unfolds as a strong tale of patience and the fight for survival aboard a decrepit former farm animals barge known as Struma. the one route to get away led via Istanbul, the place the determined passengers discovered themselves trapped in a last vise among the Nazis and international locations that refused them sanctuary.The tale of the Struma, its passengers, and the occasions that resulted in its destruction is investigated and published absolutely in brilliant, parallel bills set six a long time aside. One chronicles the diplomatic maneuvers and callousness of serious Britain, Romania, Turkey, and the remainder of the foreign neighborhood, which led to the most important maritime lack of civilian lifestyles in the course of international struggle II. the opposite a part of the tale recounts a contemporary try by means of a workforce of divers to find the Struma on the backside of the Black Sea, an attempt initiated and pursued by way of the grandson of 2 of the victims.A brilliant reconstruction of a grim exodus aboard a doomed send, loss of life at the Black Sea illuminates a forgotten episode of global battle II and will pay tribute to the heroes, previous and current, who hold its reminiscence alive.
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Additional resources for Death on the Black Sea: The Untold Story of the 'Struma' and World War II's Holocaust at Sea
The last major wave of immigration before World War II followed Hitler’s rise to power in Germany. This contingent of about one hundred sixty-ﬁve thousand people was the ﬁrst large-scale immigration from western and central Europe, and it brought many professionals and academics to the new land. While the Jewish people did not have a right to self-government, the mandate that gave Britain control over Palestine set forth a mechanism for establishing a Jewish agency to represent the interests of the Jewish people and serve as a quasi-government.
By sunset, ﬁve thousand people had been arrested and marched through the streets under a gauntlet of beatings from Romanian police and German soldiers. Those who fell were shot on the spot, and those who made it to the railway station were forced to lie on the ground while their rings, money, and other valuables were conﬁscated. They were then loaded onto thirty-nine sealed cattle cars, as many as one hundred people to a car, and shipped southward. Several thousand men and boys in the cars were without any water or food.
T H E C O M I N G C A TA C L Y S M / 3 3 Half of the family already had emigrated to Palestine in the 1930s. Reichman’s son, among the last members of his family to go to Palestine, later told his own son, Ami Atir, that as he said good-bye to his mother, Aneta, she wept. ” As many of Romania’s Jews realized that the time had come to abandon their country, they would also discover that the Nazis were not their only enemy. The British were determined to restrict immigration to Palestine regardless of the consequences to Europe’s Jews, who were facing what the Nazis had begun to call the Final Solution.