Cicero on the Emotions: Tusculan Disputations 3 and 4 by Marcus Tullius Cicero, Margaret R. Graver

By Marcus Tullius Cicero, Margaret R. Graver

The 3rd and fourth books of Cicero's Tusculan Disputations take care of the character and administration of human emotion: first grief, then the feelings in most cases. In a full of life and interesting sort, Cicero offers the insights of Greek philosophers at the topic, reporting the perspectives of Epicureans and Peripatetics and giving a close account of the Stoic place, which he himself favors for its shut reasoning and ethical earnestness. either the expert and the overall reader might be interested by the Stoics' research of the motives of grief, their type of feelings by means of genus and species, their lists of oddly named personality flaws, and the philosophical debate that develops over the software of anger in politics and war.

Margaret Graver's stylish and idiomatic translation makes Cicero's paintings available not only to classicists yet to an individual drawn to historical philosophy or within the philosophy of emotion. The accompanying observation explains the philosophical suggestions mentioned within the textual content and offers many beneficial parallels from Greek sources.

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Extra info for Cicero on the Emotions: Tusculan Disputations 3 and 4

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F4] But if the wise person had a tendency to be distressed, he would also have a tendency to feel pity. [F5] Therefore, the wise person is untouched by distress. B. A More Rhetorical Presentation  ❧ That is how the Stoics make their points, wrapping them up in tight syllogisms. I must now set forth these ideas at greater length and with more freedom. Yet I will continue to rely primarily upon Stoic views, since among philosophers their reasoning is the strongest and, if I may say so, the most virile.

The evidence for Cicero’s knowledge of various works of Aristotle has recently been reviewed in some detail in Barnes b, – and Long , –. , rather than with the more specific observations in Rhet. –. Cooper  provides a useful point of entry into the secondary literature, and see the essays collected in Rorty , among which the treatment by Striker (b) is especially relevant here. . Antiochus of Ascalon was another source; see p. xxiv–xxv below. . Staseas was an associate of M.

A remark in the long advisory epistle to Quintus, written some fifteen years earlier, is equivocal: one should avoid the appearance of sluggishness (lentitudo; cf. Tusc. ), and yet both Quintus’s high station and “perfect wisdom” require that anger be eliminated (QFr. ). . For the political situation see esp. Griffin , –. For the chronology and text of the letters see the standard editions by Bailey, together with the narrative in Bailey , –. The argument that follows works from the assumption that the stand Cicero takes in his circulated philosophical works is often fruitfully interpreted by reference to his political and personal concerns of the moment as understood from the letters.

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