Churchill and Finland: A Study in Anticommunism and by Markku Ruotsila

By Markku Ruotsila

This ebook examines the intertwined dynamics of Churchill's anticommunist and geopolitical idea. It seems to be on the ways that he tried to take advantage of Finland as either software and best friend within the anticommunist tasks of the 20th century. Finland seemed a staunch best friend in Churchill's ordinary efforts to wreck or negate overseas communism, however the broader matters of geopolitics and nice energy international relations advanced what could have been an easy job of teaming up with like-minded Finns. The ensuing tensions are explored and defined during this learn of comparative anticommunism in response to Churchill's deepest papers and on extra British, Finnish and American records.

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Extra resources for Churchill and Finland: A Study in Anticommunism and Geopolitics

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Generals Spears and Gough were therefore enjoined to impress Churchill’s (unofficial) earnest request for a speedy Finnish advance on St Petersburg. General Mannerheim, however, felt constrained to set several significant preconditions to the launch of the operations which he had already generally planned. Although he was at this time the Regent of Finland and a hero to a large section of Finns, his position vis-à-vis the Finnish Parliament had always been relatively weak, and he was well aware of the persistent opposition to military interventionism which THE RUSSIAN INTERVENTION 33 animated influential parliamentary groups.

The Foreign Office was indeed led by conservative men (Arthur Balfour and Lord Curzon) but for some reason these men were not profoundly anticommunist, and nor were they well versed in the St Petersburg question. Even less were they interested in purely domestic Finnish questions. 82 However, the Secretary of War, Churchill, did have an interest in Finland.

10 Later, Churchill’s certainty on these points was further strengthened as he watched the rise of the British Labour movement, recurrent strikes and the violence of continental European syndicalists, revolutionaries and Portuguese 24 THE RUSSIAN INTERVENTION republicans, and then the emergence of Russian Bolshevism. Churchill was significantly nearing the ascendant form of conservative anticommunism when, a few decades before the Bolshevik coup d’état, he concluded that Western socialism and Russian communism (or nihilism, as it then tended to be called) were part of the same phenomenon.

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