By Dr. Beth B. Cohen
Following the tip of global conflict II, it used to be extensively said by way of the media that Jewish refugees stumbled on lives jam-packed with chance and happiness in the United States. besides the fact that, for many of the 140,000 Jewish Displaced folks (DPs) who immigrated to the U.S. from Europe within the years among 1946 and 1954, it used to be a way more advanced tale. Case Closed demanding situations the existing positive belief of the lives of Holocaust survivors in postwar the US via scrutinizing their first years in the course of the eyes of these who lived it. The evidence introduced forth during this ebook are supported by way of case records recorded by way of Jewish social provider employees, letters and mins from service provider conferences, oral tales, and masses more.Cohen explores how the Truman Directive allowed the yank Jewish group to address the monetary and felony accountability for survivors, and indicates what suggestions the group provided the refugees and what support used to be now not to be had. She investigates the rather tricky matters that orphan young children and Orthodox Jews confronted, and examines the subtleties of the resettlement technique in New York and different locales. Cohen uncovers the reality of survivors' early years in the US and divulges the complexity in their lives as "New Americans." (20110101)
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Extra resources for Case Closed: Holocaust Survivors in Postwar America
Ultimately, it also absolved many American Jews from supporting their European relatives. S. would weaken their cause. Many other Americans also opposed the idea of relaxing immigration restrictions. 31 Nevertheless, the directive went forward. As Truman’s legislation moved ahead, so did the Anglo-American inquiry. After months of acrimonious deliberations, the committee recommended that Britain revoke its White Paper and allow one hundred thousand DPs to enter Palestine. Great Britain, however, never intended to let this happen.
At the same time, communities needed to be convinced that taking in refugees was the right thing to do. Then there were the refugees’ American relatives, who played a vital role in bringing family members here. S. destination. The refugees’ destination was predetermined before they left Europe. In order to obtain a visa to come to the United States, every immigrant needed a sponsor willing to provide an afﬁdavit, which promised that the newcomer would not become a public charge. In postwar America, where the memory of the depression and its devastating unemployment was still fresh, the virulent antisemitism of the 1940s lingered, and nativist sentiment persisted, this promise was no mere formality.
16 Beck seemed pleased by communities’ interest. ”17 The numbers show a less salutary response. As of 15 October 1948, USNA had heard from 243 communities, of which 156 committed themselves to meet their quota. In the same report to the staff, Beck emphasized that ﬁeldworkers must solidify USNA’s role by making sure that cooperating communities had the resources for settling DPs. In addition, it was the ﬁeld representative’s job to follow up with communities in order to secure their quota commitments and to ensure that the community recognized its ﬁnancial responsibility for DPs on agency assurance until they became self-maintaining.