Can Intervention Work? by Rory Stewart, Gerald Knaus

By Rory Stewart, Gerald Knaus

Rory Stewart (author of The areas In Between) and Gerald Knaus distill their impressive firsthand reviews of political and army interventions right into a effective exam of what we will and can't in achieving in a brand new period of "nation building."

As they delve into the large, military-driven efforts in Iraq, Afghanistan, and the Balkans, the growth of the european, and the cold "color" revolutions within the former Soviet states, the authors display each one effort's huge, immense outcomes for diplomacy, human rights, and our figuring out of country development.

Stewart and Knaus parse rigorously the philosophies that experience knowledgeable interventionism—from neoconservative to liberal imperialist—and draw on their assorted studies within the army, nongovernmental enterprises, and the Iraqi provincial govt to bare what we will be able to eventually count on from large-scale interventions, and the way they may top notice optimistic swap on this planet.

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While rational choice methods get at the micro-foundations of state behavior, actors are primarily, though not essentially, understood to be self-interested utility-maximizers. Other accounts that look inside the state – liberalism and pluralism – also primarily emphasize rational action defined in utilitarian terms (Milner 1997). Moravcsik’s discussion of ideational and republican liberalism is an exception (Moravcsik 1997). Neo-classical realists are more eclectic and have started to bring in domestic-level variables, including ideas, to explain foreign policy outcomes.

As a consequence, shaming 34 35 This is akin to the addition of subjective assessments to offense–defense theory. See Christensen and Snyder 1990. Berman 2002. 16 Moral Movements and Foreign Policy has a more coercive feel. Because advocates frequently rely on this strategy when positive framing efforts fail, I discuss in this chapter how shaming represents a theoretical bridge between approaches that focus on self-interest and those that emphasize the importance of ideas, morality, and norms. The concluding Chapter 7, in addition to evaluating the contributions of this book, assesses the future of transnational principled advocacy in light of the severe economic downturn of 2008.

If we want to understand both motivation and how the policy came together, “process-tracing” offers a way to understand the entire chain between cause and effect. Process-tracing is a kind of qualitative case study method that political scientists use to look in detail at how decisions were made all along the way and, to the extent we can know, how they were justified internally and externally. Process-tracing involves careful reading of press reports, government documents, advocacy publications, and memoirs, and, in my case, conducting interviews with participants.

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