By Dwight R. Boyd
Integrating scholarly essays and private reflections, turning into of 2 Minds chronicles a special philosophical odyssey, a developmental trip of coming to acknowledge the inadequacy of liberalism within the face of a few egregious social difficulties equivalent to racism, whereas additionally appreciating its strengths. a private Prologue describing the most highbrow affects at the writer locates the origins of the adventure and services as a backdrop for its interpretation. Fifteen chronologically equipped essays, divided into 3 elements, establish major positions of distinction among the 2 minds, developing the course of the adventure and symptoms of swap. Essays partly I replicate early allegiance to liberalism and discover its center rules as they need to be interpreted to lead ethical schooling. these partly II exhibit disaffection with that allegiance, taking a pretty serious stance towards liberalism. half III then involves essays that characterize makes an attempt to come back to phrases with the changing into of 2 minds exemplified within the rigidity among the guidelines approximately liberalism expressed in elements I and II. a private Preface additionally introduces all of the fifteen essays. those Prefaces tackle questions corresponding to why the matter of the essay used to be selected, why it was once approached in a selected means, and what position the essay assumes within the course the author's trip takes.
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Extra resources for Becoming of Two Minds about Liberalism: A Chronicle of Philosophical and Moral Development
One kind of problem never failed to surprise me. Occasionally a doctoral student with a very strong record from a reputable university (or other department within my university) would write a course paper for me that I found nearly unacceptable, or at least not close to the level of performance I felt I should expect and thought would be needed for writing a successful dissertation. I would fill the margins with critical feedback, return the paper with an invitation to meet with me, and wait – nervously, I must admit.
In other words, what is presupposed by Kohlberg’s use of “moral” is that individuals have differing and incompatible conceptions of the good, and morality is one way we have of adjudicating those differences in order to live together. ” Recently, however, Kohlberg (1975) has clarified the conceptual limits of his theory much more explicitly: 30 CONCEPTUAL MORAL DISTINCTIONS FUNDAMENTAL The purpose of morality is modest, to resolve the conflicting claims of human beings and groups in fairer or better ways.
8 Although it raises more issues than can be addressed in this paper, a postscript needs to be added to clarify the nature of the central point just made. The postscript consists of two further refinements of the claim that Kohlberg’s theory is limited to the area of morality concerning the concept of right/ wrong. The first refinement is that Kohlberg emphasizes the concept of right/wrong in more than one way. He not only limits the moral realm to situations of conflict among persons, to questions of duty, obligation, and rights, but he also holds a particular theoretical view of these kinds of questions – one that maintains that the right can be determined according to formal characteristics, independent of any substantive consideration of what the good is.