Avenues of Faith: Shaping the Urban Religious Culture of by Samuel C. Shepherd Jr

By Samuel C. Shepherd Jr

Avenues of religion records how faith flourished in southern towns after the flip of the century and the way a cadre of clergy and laity created a significantly revolutionary non secular tradition in Richmond, the bastion of the outdated South. well-known because the former capital of the Confederacy, Richmond emerges as a dynamic and starting to be commercial urban invigorated via the social activism of its Protestants. through analyzing six mainline white denominations-Episcopalians, Methodists, Presbyterians, Baptists, Disciples of Christ, and Lutherans-Samuel C. Shepherd Jr. emphasizes the level to which town fostered non secular variety, whilst "blind spots" remained in regard to Catholics, African american citizens, Mormons, and Jews. Shepherd explores such subject matters as evangelism, interdenominational cooperation, the temperance crusade, the Sunday university circulate, the overseas peace projects, and the increasing function of lay humans of either sexes. He additionally notes the community's common rejection of fundamentalism, a non secular phenomenon nearly instantly linked to the South, and indicates the way it nurtured social reform to wrestle a number of city difficulties linked to public wellbeing and fitness, schooling, housing, women's suffrage, prohibition, little ones, and prisons. In lucid prose and with very good use of fundamental resources, Shepherd promises a clean portrait of Richmond Protestants who embraced switch and remodeled their neighborhood, making it an lively, revolutionary non secular heart of the hot South.

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Additional info for Avenues of Faith: Shaping the Urban Religious Culture of Richmond, Virginia, 1900-1929 (Religion and American Culture)

Sample text

The number of Richmond African Americans in the professional ranks rose from 315 in 1900 to 938 in 1930. 26 At times when the city’s pattern of steady growth was interrupted, plants halted production and laid off workers. The city’s worst experience occurred in 1921. Such major ¤rms as American Locomotive Works, Tredegar Iron Company, Richmond Cedar Works, and Old Dominion Iron and Nail Company temporarily shut down. 27 Attentive to the problems of workers, organized labor surged forward as a force in the ¤rst decades of the twentieth century.

In 1905 alone the nurses had made visits to approximately 6,000 households, a number which would increase to almost 54,000 in 1927. Organized in 1905, an Anti-Tuberculosis Association sponsored free checkups. In 1909 and 1910 an African American Anti-Tuberculosis Association held rallies and arranged to distribute information through local school teachers and preachers. Richmond newspapers boosted health department policies and provided information about disease prevention. 5 million ®ies had perished during the twoweek hunt.

Martin. With purposeful pragmatism the Martin machine resisted changes, then accommodated some reforms, and proceeded either to isolate or to woo successful independents. Between 1905 and 1920, the Martin machine’s calculated ®exibility permitted the progressive breeze to reach into state government. Albeit reluctantly, legislators addressed such issues as public education and social welfare reform. Richmond clergymen and laypersons often played key roles in advancing these reforms. Frustrated by the 1922 assembly’s failure to act on compulsory education or road bond proposals, H.

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