Archaeology and the Homeric Epic by Susan Sherratt, John Bennet

By Susan Sherratt, John Bennet

The connection among the Homeric epics and archaeology has lengthy suffered combined fortunes, swinging among 'fundamentalist' makes an attempt to exploit archaeology so as to display the fundamental historicity of the epics and their heritage, and outright rejection of the concept that archaeology is in a position to contributing something in any respect to our knowing and appreciation of the epics. Archaeology and the Homeric Epic concentrates much less on historicity in favour of exploring various different, probably occasionally extra indirect, ways that we will use a multi-disciplinary technique – archaeology, philology, anthropology and social background – to aid supply insights into the epics, the contexts in their probably lengthy construction, facets in their 'prehistory', and what they could have stood for at a number of occasions of their lengthy oral and written historical past. the consequences of the Homeric epics at the historical past and renowned reception of archaeology, specially within the specific context of contemporary Germany, is additionally a topic that's explored the following. members discover a number of concerns together with the relationships among visible and verbal imagery, the social contexts of epic (or sub-epic) construction or new edition, the jobs of bards and their relationships to varieties of consumers and audiences, the development and makes use of of 'history' as traceable via either epic and archaeology and the connection among 'prehistoric' (oral) and 'historical' (recorded in writing) classes. all through, the emphasis is on context and its relevance to the construction, transmission, new edition and manipulation of epic within the current (or near-present) in addition to within the historical Greek earlier.

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There are a few Mycenaean cremations, most from the Postpalatial period, but inhumation is dominant. There are also cremations from Late Bronze Age Troy, but here as in Mycenaean Greece none resemble the Homeric form. In fact, cremation remains a minority rite even in the Early Iron Age, and where it involves a mound such mounds contain many burials (on Postpalatial and Early Iron Age cremation, see Dickinson 2006: 180–81, 186–89). The explanation for the dominance of this specific form in the poetic tradition is, I suspect, that this was the most flamboyant form of burial that could be imagined and the tradition applied it generally to everyone of the age of heroes.

T. R. Bryce and E. H. ) 2011 The Ahhiyawa Texts (Writings from the Ancient World 28). Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature. Catling, H. W. 1980 Archaeology in Greece, 1979–80. Archaeological Reports 26: 1–53. Cook, E. 2004 Near Eastern sources for the palace of Alkinoos. American Journal of Archaeology 108: 43–77. Crouwel, J. 1981 Chariots and Other Means of Land Transport in Bronze Age Greece. Amsterdam: Allard Pierson. Demakopoulou, K. ) 1988 The Mycenaean world. C. Athens: Greek Ministry of Culture.

10. Goldmann (1989) offers a psychoanalytical reading of Schliemann’s autobiography in its 1869 version. He argues that Schliemann projected ‘infantile sexual phantasies’ (p. 203) onto his relationship with Homeric Greece. Here I am more interested in the social and cultural implications of his writings than in what they tell us about Schliemann’s psyche. 11. ‘Ohne Zweifel gab es von Anfang an ins Unwirkliche greifende Fantasievorstellungen 1. in der Welt Homers, dem ausgehenden 8. Jh. v. , wo beispielsweise die Götter konkret am Kampfgeschehen um Troia teilnahmen, 2.

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