America in the World: The Historiography of American Foreign by Frank Costigliola, Michael J. Hogan

By Frank Costigliola, Michael J. Hogan

This quantity comprises cutting-edge essays and historiographical surveys of yank international kin due to the fact 1941 via the various country's major diplomatic historians. The essays partly one supply sweeping overviews of the main developments within the box of diplomatic historical past. half good points essays that survey the literature on US family members with specific areas of the area or at the overseas regulations of presidential administrations. the result's the main complete evaluation of the literature on US international coverage to be released in approximately 20 years.

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Walter Kaufmann (New York, 1969), 15-23, 77-78. 17 "Nietzsche, Genealogy, History," in Michel Foucault, Language, Counter-Memory, Practice: Selected Essays and Interviews, trans. Donald F. Bouchard and Sherry Simon (Ithaca, 1977). 18 Maclntyre argues that Foucault consistently denied any "fundamental sets or structures" that create explanation or understanding (Rival Versions, p. 52), whereas Gary Gutting says Foucault never was explicit (see his Michel Foucault's Archaeology of Scientific Reason [New York, 1989]).

Cumings also criticizes the field's general reluctance to apply theory to the study of American foreign relations. He places some of the blame for this trend on the "gate keepers" of the field, such as Gaddis and Leffler. Although Gaddis once celebrated the value of "lumping,"13 which involves theorizing, he and Leffler 11 Warren F. Kimball, "Response to John Lewis Gaddis, 'The Emerging Post-Revisionist Synthesis on the Origins of the Cold War,'" Diplomatic History 7 (Summer 1983): 198-200. Quote on p.

The Poverty of Theory in Diplomatic History 29 In early 1947, petroleum policy in the State Department was in Paul Nitze's hands, supervised by Dean Acheson (no doubt it is mere coincidence that these names keep popping up). The issue was how to erase the famous "Red Line" that Calouste Gulbenkian had drawn on the map in 1928, how now to divide Persian Gulf oil between American, British, and French companies, and even more, how to divvy up Saudi Arabia's vast new discoveries among American companies and find distributors capable of absorbing the tidal wave of oil about to slosh onto the world market, without destroying the world oil regime.

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