Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer by I. Arnon Ing. Agr., Ph.D. (auth.)

By I. Arnon Ing. Agr., Ph.D. (auth.)

Agricultural study used to be most likely the 1st and is the main common type of organised learn on the planet, and one within which either the main constructed and underdeveloped international locations are engaged. when such a lot types of examine job, akin to within the box of drugs, have international­ broad program, agricultural study, by means of its very nature, should be local; virtually no examine discovering could be followed with no learning the result of its software lower than the countless variety of ecological events with which the farmers of the area are confronted. the advance of agricultural construction is the fundamental first step wherein constructing international locations can wish to elevate their lifestyle. examine is consequently an job during which no underdeveloped kingdom can find the money for to not have interaction; nor can nations within which agriculture has reached a excessive point of improvement and class have the funds for to overlook agricultural study. it's not due to inertia or vested pursuits that hugely industrialised nations retain, normally at public cost, a high priced and intricate infrastructure for agricultural learn. even if difficulties of overproduction weigh seriously at the economic climate, agricultural study is taken into account the basic key to additional growth: the targets and targets are easily replaced and tailored to the desires of the economy.

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Von Humboldt conceived the idea of a new type of university, which would combine teaching with research. This concept contrasted with the traditional European concept of universities concerned almost exclusively with teaching, modelled on the medieval schools of theology. As agricultural science was not incorporated in the new university system, Albrecht Thaer founded Academies of Agriculture, separate from the universities, whose vocation was mainly teaching (Weber, 1979). In Saxony, the publication of Liebig's treatise on plant nutrition had provoked considerable interest in developing methods for applying science to agriculture.

In Saxony, the publication of Liebig's treatise on plant nutrition had provoked considerable interest in developing methods for applying science to agriculture. After learning of the Scottish attempts to establish the 'Chemistry Association', a group of landowners petitioned the Government of Saxony to use tax moneys to hire a number of scientists to carry out agricultural experimentation. According to this proposal, agricultural research would be a state-sponsored undertaking and the researchers employees of the State.

This was a significant departure from the recommendations of the Rothschild Report, thus allowing the Council to strike a balance between its support for applied research and long-term strategic and fundamental research (Ulbricht, 1977). Evaluation of the reformst In the early years, the influence of the new policy initiated by the Rothschild Report was minimal. A note in Nature (1981) (beating a retreat from Rothschild, Vol. 289, p. 2), asks why there has been so little change in the patterns of AFRC's work since 1972 and assumes that the only reason is that MAFF's influence was too remote.

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