By P Boomgaard
Water, in its many guises, has regularly performed a robust position in shaping Southeast Asian histories, cultures, societies, and economies. those essays signify a wide variety of techniques to the learn of Southeast Asia with water because the important subject. because it used to be uncovered to the ocean, the area used to be extra available to open air political, monetary and cultural affects than many landlocked parts. quick access via sea routes additionally prompted alternate. despite the fact that, an identical easy accessibility made Southeast Asia at risk of political keep an eye on by way of powerful outsiders. the ocean is, in addition, a resource of nutrition, but in addition of many dangers. even as, Southeast Asian societies and cultures are faced with and permeated through "water from heaven" within the type of rain, flash floods, irrigation water, water in rivers, brooks, and swaps, water-driven energy vegetation, and pumped or piped water, as well as water as a provider of sewage and toxins. eventually, the quantity bargains with the position of water in type platforms, ideals, myths, disorder, and therapeutic.
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Extra info for A world of water: rain, rivers and seas in Southeast Asian histories
1992 The gift of water; Water management, cosmology and the state in South East Asia. London: School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. In a state of flux 23 Rutter, Owen 1986 The pirate wind; Tales of the sea-robbers of Malaya. Singapore: Oxford University Press. ), The gift of water; Water management, cosmology and the state in South East Asia, pp. 59-72. London: School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. ), The gift of water; Water management, cosmology and the state in South East Asia, pp.
Chronology The ‘openness’ of insular Southeast Asia was demonstrated as early as circa 3000 BCE, when the western and central parts of the archipelago were settled by Austronesian-speakers. These pottery-using peoples, with varied agricultural economies, migrated from Taiwan, through the Philippines and the Indonesian Archipelago, to Madagascar, Melanesia and the Pacific, with groups hiving off and settling as they went. They encountered existing populations, and adapted their own technologies to local environments.
He stresses the causality of changing economic circumstances, which encouraged ‘a new type of political power, with a growing emphasis on territoriality, centralisation, cash-cropping economy, absolutism, and the rise of belligerence at sea’. This maritime contraction and changing political climate precedes the ‘mid seventeenth century crisis’ which Reid sees as terminating Southeast Asia’s Age of Commerce. Other historians, however, question the very existence of a crisis. 27 On the surface, the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries seem relatively amenable to a Eurocentric approach.