A Theory of Human Need by Len Doyal

By Len Doyal

Rejecting stylish subjectivist and cultural relativist techniques, this significant ebook argues that people have common and target wishes for future health and autonomy and a correct to their optimum delight. The authors strengthen a approach of social symptoms to teach what such optimization could suggest in perform and check the files of a variety of built and underdeveloped economies in assembly their electorate' wishes

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It would hardly make sense for calls to resist our biological character were this not the case - for men. for example. to refrain from whatever genetic propensity to aggression they have inherited from their ancestral hunters. Therefore. the question remains of what we - as opposed to our genes - should do with our lives. Needs as goals and strategies The word 'need' is also used explicitly or implicitly to refer to a particular category of goals which are believed to be unil'ersalisable. Examples would be: 'This person needs (and should have the goal of) more protein' or These families need (and should have the goal of) proper shelter this winter'.

What you cannot consistently do is not need what is required in order to avoid serious harm - whatever you may want. Needs, relativism and morality Yet many questions still remain concerning the objectivity of needs. What needs, if any, should all individuals try to satisfy if they are to be said to be acting in their interests? So far, all that we have shown is that there is a commonly employed distinction between needs and wants which is rooted in the belief that there are some goals which are instrumentally and universally linked to the avoidance of serious harm, while there are others which are not.

Needs as goals and strategies The word 'need' is also used explicitly or implicitly to refer to a particular category of goals which are believed to be unil'ersalisable. Examples would be: 'This person needs (and should have the goal of) more protein' or These families need (and should have the goal of) proper shelter this winter'. Needs in this sense are commonly contrasted with 'wants' which are also described as goals but which derive from an individual's particular preference and cultural environment.

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