By Elizabeth Rose
American citizens at the present time reside with conflicting principles approximately day care. We criticize moms who decide on to not remain at domestic, yet we strain ladies on welfare to go away their childrens in the back of. We realize some great benefits of early early life schooling, yet don't supply it as a public correct until eventually teenagers input kindergarten. our youngsters are worthy, yet we pay minimal wages to the overwhelmingly girl team which cares for them. we aren't rather definite if day care is hazardous or worthy for kids, or if moms should still relatively be within the team. to higher know the way we've arrived at those present-day dilemmas, Elizabeth Rose argues, we have to discover day care's past.
A Mother's Job is the 1st ebook to supply such an exploration. subsequently examine of Philadelphia, Rose examines different meanings of day deal with households and prone from the overdue 19th century throughout the postwar prosperity of the Fifties. Drawing on richly certain documents created by means of social employees, she explores altering attitudes approximately motherhood, charity, and kid's needs.
How did day care switch from a charity for negative unmarried moms on the flip of the century right into a famous desire of standard households by means of 1960? This e-book lines that transformation, telling the tale of day care from the altering views of the households who used it and the philanthropists and social employees who administered it. We see day care throughout the eyes of the immigrants, whites, and blacks who relied upon day care carrier in addition to via these of the pros who supplied it.
This quantity will entice a person drawn to figuring out the roots of our present day care problem, in addition to the wider problems with schooling, welfare, and women's work--all matters within which the most important questions of day care are enmeshed. scholars of social heritage, women's heritage, welfare coverage, childcare, and schooling also will come across a lot helpful info during this well-written book.
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Extra resources for A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890-1960 (2003)
R. 99 Nurseries with less elite boards had to make more public appeals: perhaps the most creative grassroots fund-raising appeal was that of the Frankford Day Nursery, which raised $12,123 in twelve days to pay for a building with the sale of bricks. ”100 Unlike the PADN-afﬁliated nurseries, which were governed by boards of lady managers and funded through their personal connections to wealth, Catholic day nurseries were funded by donations from parishioners and from the church hierarchy. Day-to-day decisions were made by the nuns who ran the nurseries, but they were dependent on their superiors within the religious order, and even more on the pastor, bishop, and parishioners for support.
83 The elite standing of many day nursery board members, and their access to the wealth of their families, was vital, since board members were responsible for raising the funds necessary to operate the nurseries, as well as for overseeing their daily operations. In the early years, many managers were actively involved in running the nurseries, although the founders of the Jane D. 84 Like nineteenth-century housewives, most managers saw their job as supervising the workings of the nursery household, rather than actually doing the work itself.
58 The Sisters also visited the homes of other poor Catholics in the parish; Sister Frances Finley remembered that “S[iste]r Lizzie was a byword in the Parish. . ”59 Philadelphia’s Catholic day nurseries, concerned with providing speciﬁcally Catholic care for children, kept their distance from the Protestant and Jewish nurseries grouped together in the PADN. 60 The Catholic nurseries were content to provide shelter, care, and religious instruction for the children of their parishes, and they seem to have remained relatively isolated from the debates among day nursery founders, social workers, and reformers that affected those nurseries more closely tied to the organized day nursery movement.