A handbook of comparative social policy by Patricia Kennett

By Patricia Kennett

The present context of social coverage is one during which the various previous certainties of the prior were eroded. The predominantly inward-looking, family preoccupation of social coverage has made means for a extra built-in, foreign and outward method of research which seems to be past the bounds of the nation. it really is during this context that this instruction manual brings jointly the paintings of key commentators within the box of comparative research for you to supply finished insurance of up to date debates and concerns in cross-national social coverage examine. Organised round 5 topics, this outstanding quantity explores the contextual, conceptual, analytical and processual facets of project comparative social learn. within the first half, the authors are desirous about de-centring the country and increasing the epistemological framework by which cross-national research is explored. In components II and III, the point of interest is at the conceptual and theoretical frameworks for analysing social coverage cross-nationally, whereas half IV examines the day by day fact of getting ready for and engaging in cross-national research. within the ultimate part, the authors spotlight carrying on with and rising issues and matters that are of specific relevance to figuring out the modern social international. overseas in scope, this authoritative guide provides unique leading edge examine from best experts and may turn into an necessary resource of reference for a person attracted to comparative social learn. it's going to additionally turn out a priceless learn reduction for undergraduate and postgraduate scholars from a number disciplines together with social coverage, sociology, politics, city reviews and public coverage.

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Nonetheless, they have all faced similar pressures from recent changes. The first signs of crisis in Fordist growth emerged in the mid-1970s and the situation worsened in the 1980s. In addition, the structured coherence of national economy–national state–national society was weakened by changes associated with globalization, internationalization, the rise of multi-tiered global city networks, the formation of triad economies (such as European Economic Space), and the re-emergence of regional and local economies.

This combined with Fordist methods of production and the increased power of organized labour meant that jobs, for men at least, were full-time and relatively secure. 34 A handbook of comparative social policy In many Western countries, in the post-Second World War period, the notion of duties and obligations between citizens and the state and among the citizen body expanded to embrace the social and economic dimensions of security. The nature and extent of entitlements that citizens had on the state, whether these were universal or based on specific needs, and the way in which these provisions were met, varied across countries, during different periods and according to the ideological predisposition of governments and their political/social constituencies.

This requires attention to a growing range of economically relevant social practices, institutions, functional systems, and domains of the lifeworld that affect competitiveness. This has two interesting and paradoxical effects on states and politics. First, whilst it expands the potential scope of state intervention for economic purposes, the resulting complexity renders the typical post-war forms of top-down intervention less effective – requiring that the state retreat from some areas of intervention and redesign its institutional forms and functions in order to intervene more effectively in other areas.

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