A Culture of Corruption: Coping With Government in by William Lockley Miller

By William Lockley Miller

Established upon surveys and interviews with executive officers and electorate, this booklet makes a speciality of matters resembling bribery, corruption, inefficiency and freedom of data in Ukraine, Bulgaria, Slovakia and the Czech Republic. The authors transcend an research of public perceptions and behavior and consider public attitudes in the direction of proposals for reform. They demonstrate how the matter of voters' interactions with officers varies in sort in addition to in measure around the nations of important and jap Europe.

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Official statistics suffer even more directly from the fact that they are controlled by the authorities. Even some Western economic statistics appear to have been manipulated for political endsg7In addition, crime statistics are notoriously unreliable. Victims under-report crime because they have little confidence in the police, and the police under-record reported crime to make their record look better. Official corruption statistics are even less reliable than other crime statistics because,as Richard Lotspeich notes, ‘no party to the transaction has much incentive to report it’88and, he might have added,the police are often involved init themselves.

Our methodological approach (survey research and associated methods) does indeed rule out a study of grand corruption. But then our Government with Coping 23 theoretical approach (focusedon the democratic right of citizens to fair treatment in their day-to-day encounters with street-level officials) also rules out a study of grand corruption. So our methodological approach imposes no additional restriction onour own study beyond that already imposed by our theoretical approach, though we would certainly recommend a very different and more investigative approach for a study of ‘grand corruption’.

Significant numbersof streetlevel offkials oppose a wider rangeof reforms including, in descending order, ‘encouraging whistle-blowers’, ‘mandatory codes of conduct for officials’, ‘requiring officialsto explain their actionsto citizens and the press’, ‘displaying the rights of citizens in offices’ and, perhaps more surprisingly, ‘stricter penaltiesfor bribe-giving clients’. More important than all this detail, however, is that both the public and street-level officials believethat reform is possible.

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