By Logan E. Whalen
After approximately 8 centuries and lots more and plenty study and writing on Marie de France, the one biographical details we all know approximately her, with any measure of sure bet, is that she used to be from France and wrote for the Anglo-Angevin court docket of Henry II. but Marie de France is still this present day essentially the most widespread literary voices of the top of the twelfth century and was once the 1st girl of letters to write down in French. The chapters during this booklet are composed via students who've really expert in Marie de France reports, often for a few years. providing conventional perspectives along new severe views, the authors speak about many various points of her poetics.
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Extra resources for A Companion to Marie de France (Brill's Companions to the Christian Tradition)
27–37) [It was not at all becoming to me, whose task it was to compose the verse, to repeat several words which are found here, but nevertheless he who is the flower of chivalry, of learning, and of courtliness commissioned me, and when such a man has commanded me, in no way do I want to neglect being diligent and thorough about it, no matter who may take me for uncourtly. ] 24 logan e. ” In fact, she opposes in these verses “courtliness” (v. 32, curteisie) and uncourtliness (v. 36, vileine) just as she did in the prologue to Guigemar with the expressions en bien parler and mesparler.
Whalen As we will see below, royal patronage appears to have been one reason for Marie’s recording her own version of Aesopic fables and also was one of her reasons for composing the Lais that she dedicated to Henry II. However, she reveals another literary agenda in the opening lines of the prologue to the Fables: Cil ki seivent de lettr[e]ure devreient bien mettre [lur] cure es bons livres e [es] escriz e as [es]samples e as diz ke li philosophe troverent e escristrent e remembrerent: par moralité escriveient les bons pruverbes qu’il oieient que cil amender se peüssent ki lur entente en bien eüssent; ceo firent li ancïen pere.
3), Lanval (v. 4), Les Deus Amanz (v. 4), Laüstic (v. 2), and Eliduc (v. 1), and in the epilogues to Equitan (v. 312), Lanval (v. 642), Les Deus Amanz (v. 244), Laüstic (v. 159), and Eliduc (v. 1182). the prologues and the epilogues of marie de france 17 He further observes that Marie uses the term lai or lais in each of the 12 prologues,38 demonstrating that the oral version of the genre existed before her time and that she understood what it represented. Guigemar, the first lai after the General Prologue in Harley 978, opens with a prologue constructed according to the same rhetorical plan as the larger prologue that precedes it.